Wireless Carriers (“Wireless Communications Service Providers”? or “Mobile Network Operators”?) are companies who own and/or operate infrastructure that provides wireless voice and data services to subscribers. Wireless carriers bid for and are awarded licenses by the FCC for specific spectrum frequencies that allow them to serve a designated area of potential subscribers (POPs)1. In the United States, there are four major wireless carriers: AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, and T-Mobile, and a handful of smaller wireless carriers.