In the U.S., the FCC and the FDA are co-responsible for setting the guidelines for base station operation and RF exposure. The FCC is in charge of all wireless communication devices, while the FDA instructs and guides the FCC in matters relating to health.
In spite of the opinions of expert groups like the World Health Organization and the American Cancer Society, as well as the findings of numerous studies, concern over possible health risks from RF exposure continues. Many groups exist around the globe that push for limiting base station power outputs or prevalence. Often, schools receive much of this focus. One such group, People Against Cell Towers at Schools (PACTS) is composed of parents in Hillsborough County, Florida, where a cell tower was placed at a local school. The group attracted a prominent local author, who has begun speaking with various authorities and school board members in an attempt to enact a ban on base stations at schools.
For more information on specific studies conducted regarding exposure to radio-frequencies, please read our featured article: Health Studies.